In the decade considered new rites were produced by the Baptist Church, the Moravian Church, the Lutheran Church, the Methodist Church, the Presbyterian Church (of England), the Church of Scotland, the Congregational Church and the Roman Catholic Church. Jagger first looks at Baptism and then at 'Confirmation'. Except for Baptists the theological and liturgical norm is Baptism of Infants. The setting should be corporate. For most, parents and sponsors have an important place, though with the exception of Lutherans 'Vicarious Faith' is put aside. Only two rites include 'renunciations' though all include a Profession of Faith. Presbyterians and Roman Catholics bless the water. All use water in the Name of the Holy Trinity. Three sign with the Cross. Only one gives a lighted candle.
The relation of Confirmation to Baptism is considered, asking what is 'full membership', how is the gift of the Holy Spirit given, and where is forgiveness and being born again? Further consideration relates Baptism and Confirmation to the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, asks who is the minister of Confirmation and how are candidates prepared and treated? It is suggested that the Churches have much in common and may be near agreement on process and rite.