The frontispiece depicts the east end of the interior of St Leonard’s Church, Dunfermline, (architect: Dr Macgregor Chalmers). The note refers to mural painting, carved woodwork, silver- copper- and iron-work, enamels, and embroidery, and to the large part played in the execution of these works by members of the congregation, including the minister, Dr William McMillan.
In his Presidential Address to the Society (May 1932) Dr Millar Patrick, with the professed aim of achieving an equal emphasis on Word and Sacrament, seeks (questionably?) to lay blame for the imbalance on certain aspects of the character of John Knox, as well as on other factors in Scottish history which led to an “excessive intellectualising of Scottish religion”. That, it is argued, led to an undervaluing of imagination and symbolism and a turning “back to the legalism of Judaism”. By way of redress he makes suggestions as to the prominent setting and suitable adornment of the Table (and to the establishing of an [advisory] Assembly Committee).
|Pulpit and Communion Table||6.04 MB|
Dr William McMillan gives the text of a fragment of the Communion Service used by John Knox (from a 16th century manuscript to be found in Dr Williams’ Library). After a general biographical and historical introduction there are sections headed “Form of Worship”, “Praise”, “Communion”, “Communion Elements”, “History of the Communion Order”, “The Zurich Order”, “Reconstruction of Knox’s Order” and then the text of “The Order” itself with “A Prayer for the Congregation”. There are numerous extended footnotes.
|Knox’s Berwick Communion Service||7.16 MB|
Noting that “private prayer can dispense with the arts, public prayer cannot”, Dr A L Drummond calls for a creative attitude to architecture and the arts in the building of churches. Tracing developments from Colonial times in the USA, and in post-Reformation Germany, he notes that while in the former there were, under the influence of Dr Ralph Adams Cram, many excellent medieval-inspired buildings of the 20th century “there is but little radical modernism”, in Germany there had emerged a tradition-denying Functionalism that reduces architecture to machinery. He concludes that “not engineering but biology should be the root idea of religious architecture” and suggests that change should be governed by a law of growth not by architectural revivalism.
|Contrasting Tendencies in Protestant Church Architecture||9.76 MB|
Dr William Cowan, having traced the roots of responsive elements in worship to Temple and Synagogue in Judaism, through early and later Christian usage, makes a plea for a stronger recovery in Scottish Presbyterian usage. He cites examples from Waldensian usage, from Dr Rudolph Otto, and from children’s materials provided by the Church in Scotland.
|Responsive Services||2.82 MB|
Manual of Church Praise, According to the Use of the Church of Scotland
Church of Scotland Committee on Publications, reviewed by David S Merrow
The Book of Common Order of the United Church of Canada
The United Church Publishing House, Toronto, reviewed by William Maxwell
Liturgy and Worship, ed. Dr W K Lowther Clark, London, SPCK
Ecclesia Anglicana, by G F Pollard, London
The Book of Common Worship (Revised) approved by the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America; Philadelphia
The Protestant Dictionary, new edition; London: The Harrison Trust
The Books of the Latin Liturgy, by Abbot Cabrol, OSB; London: Sands & Co.
The Oxford Movement in Scotland, by W Perry; Cambridge University Press
Worship in Other Lands, by H P Thomson; London: Society for the Propagation of the Gospel
Private Prayers for a Week, Compiled by William Bright; London: SPCK
Le Culte: Étude d’Histoire et de Philosophie Religieuses, by Professor Robert Will, University of Strasbourg: Paris. Felix Alcan.
St Leonard’s Church, Dunfermline (East End) - Frontispiece
Starting from the observation that the churches of Jerusalem provide a microcosm of Church History,Ninian Hill celebrates the latest addition to their variety, the Church and Hospice erected as a Memorial to the Scots who lost their lives in the Holy Land in the Great War, but given by its local architect, A C Holliday, a character, described in some detail, appropriate to its setting and also to the “simplicity and dignity” of the style of worship to be offered there.
|St Andrew's Church Jerusalem||2.52 MB|
Professor Adam C Welch, in an address to the Society, deprecates the tendency which he observes among its members, to devalue the sermon in relation to the devotional parts of the service and seeks to rectify the matter by treating the whole service as primarily an act of faith in which prayer, praise and the witness of scripture and sermon play their distinctive and necessary part in building up the community in witness to its shared faith.
|Apologia pro Sermone||1.61 MB|
Professor H R Mackintosh describes proposals for liturgical reform in the Lutheran Church made by Rudolph Otto on the basis of ideas explored in his “original and provocative book”. The Idea of the Holy, noting that “Otto is not primarily keen to make Church services interesting or attractive”, but to foster inwardness and recollectedness. Otto’s ideas for regular Sunday morning services on the basis of developing the Christian year with the assigning of a theme to each Sunday after Trinity are then explored and a quotation from Otto covering two pages is given. Finally his ideas for the Communion service, not closely related to regular Sunday morning worship, are described.
|Professor Otto’s Liturgical Suggestions||4.01 MB|
Dr William McMillan, from his wide-ranging knowledge of the highways and byways of Scottish church history and practice, sets out to demonstrate that the claim of Knox and his colleagues to have brought back “the reverend fact of the primitive and Apostolick Churche” was not altogether justified and that many features of post-apostolic and mediaeval vocabulary and procedure remained.
|Mediaeval Survivals in Scottish Worship||6.91 MB|
Dr William Perry, Dean of the Scottish Episcopal diocese of Edinburgh, writes to suggest some means of improvement in public intercession, and draws, inter alia, upon examples from early Christian worship, from the Eucharistic intercession of the Eastern Church, from the “Biddings” in medieval Western practice and from the “English Prayer Book” of 1928.
|Modes of Intercession, Ancient and Modern||2.69 MB|
Dr William Maxwell provides a translation (“literal rather than literary”) of two German texts which, as demonstrated in his previous article (Annual No.3, pp16-33), provide antecedents for the ScottishBook of Common Order. They are I - ‘The Order of the Mass, as the Church at Strasburg now Celebrates it” (1525); and II – “Concerning the Lord’s Supper or the Mass, and the Sermons.”
|Two Early Parent Liturgies||6.79 MB|
R M Adamson makes some suggestions to help ensure that everything is done “decently and in order” in the conduct of a variety of services.
|Two Early Parent Liturgies of the Scottish ‘Book of Common Order’||2.17 MB|
John Wilson Baird finds much to commend in three books on “the philosophy and practice of public worship” published in 1927. They are The Public Worship of God, by J R P Sclater; Ideas in Corporate Worship, by R S Simpson; and Christian Worship and its Future. The writers all had their roots in British Presbyterian Churches and all of the books had their origin as lectures to divinity students, two of them in the United States, a fact which the reviewer sees as providing a helpfully wider perspective.
|The Future of our Public Worship||5.56 MB|